Friday, August 15, 2014

UCLA, profound discovery in higher education

 

University of California, Los Angeles

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"UCLA", "Ucla", and "U.C.L.A." redirect here. For other uses, see UCLA (disambiguation).
University of California, Los Angeles
The University of California UCLA.svg
UCLA official seal
Motto Fiat lux (Latin)
Motto in English Let there be light
Established 1882/1919 (became the third UC campus)
Type Public
Research
Flagship
Land grant
Endowment US $2.8 billion (2013)[1]
Budget US $4.65 billion (2012)[2]
Chancellor Gene D. Block[3]
Provost Scott L. Waugh[4]
Academic staff 4,016[5]
Admin. staff 26,139
Students 42,163 (2013)[6]
Undergraduates 28,674 (2013)[6]
Postgraduates 13,138 (2013)[6]
Location Los Angeles, California, United States
34°04′20.00″N 118°26′38.75″WCoordinates: 34°04′20.00″N 118°26′38.75″W
Campus Urban
419 acres (1.7 km²)[7]
Former names University of California Southern Branch (1919–1927)
University of California at Los Angeles (1927–1958)
Newspaper Daily Bruin
Colors      UCLA Blue[8]
     UCLA Gold[8]
Athletics NCAA Division IPac-12
Sports 22 varsity teams[9]
Nickname Bruins
Mascot Joe Bruin
Josephine Bruin[10]
Affiliations University of California
AAU
APLU
Pacific Rim
WASC
Website ucla.edu
UCLA Logo.svg
UCLA official logo
The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), is a public research university located in the Westwood neighborhood of Los Angeles, California, United States. Founded in 1919, it is the second-oldest campus of the University of California system.[11] UCLA is one of the two flagship universities in the UC system (alongside UC Berkeley).[12][13][14][15] It offers 337 undergraduate and graduate degree programs in a wide range of disciplines.[16] With an approximate enrollment of 29,000 undergraduate and 13,000 graduate students, UCLA is the university with the largest enrollment in the state of California[17] and the most applied to university in the world with over 105,000 applications for Fall 2014.[18]
The university is organized into five undergraduate colleges, seven professional schools, and four professional health science schools. The undergraduate colleges are the College of Letters and Science; Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science (HSSEAS); School of the Arts and Architecture; School of Theater, Film, and Television; and School of Nursing. Fifteen[19][20] Nobel laureates, one Fields Medalist,[21] and three Turing Award winners[22] have been affiliated with the university as faculty, researchers, or alumni. Among the current faculty members, 52 have been elected to the National Academy of Sciences, 28 to the National Academy of Engineering, 39 to the Institute of Medicine, and 124 to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.[23] The university was elected to the Association of American Universities in 1974.[24]
UCLA student-athletes compete intercollegiately as the Bruins in the Pacific-12 Conference. The Bruins have won 125 national championships, including 111 NCAA team championships.[25][26] UCLA student-athletes have won 250 Olympic medals: 125 gold, 65 silver and 60 bronze.[27] The Bruins have competed in every Olympics since 1920 with one exception (1924), and have won a gold medal in every Olympics that the United States has participated in since 1932.[28]

History

In March 1881, after heavy lobbying by Los Angeles residents, the California State Legislature authorized the creation of a southern branch of the California State Normal School (which later became San Jose State University) in downtown Los Angeles to train teachers for the growing population of Southern California. The State Normal School at Los Angeles opened on August 29, 1882, on what is now the site of the Central Library of the Los Angeles Public Library system. The new facility included an elementary school where teachers-in-training could practice their teaching technique on children. That elementary school is related to the present day version, UCLA Lab School. In 1887, the school became known as the Los Angeles State Normal School.[29]
The Los Angeles branch of California State Normal School, 1881.
In 1914, the school moved to a new campus on Vermont Avenue (now the site of Los Angeles City College) in East Hollywood. In 1917, UC Regent Edward Augustus Dickson, the only regent representing the Southland at the time, and Ernest Carroll Moore, Director of the Normal School, began working together to lobby the State Legislature to enable the school to become the second University of California campus, after UC Berkeley. They met resistance from UC Berkeley alumni, Northern California members of the state legislature, and Benjamin Ide Wheeler, President of the University of California from 1899 to 1919, who were all vigorously opposed to the idea of a southern campus. However, David Prescott Barrows, the new President of the University of California, did not share Wheeler's objections. On May 23, 1919, the Southern Californians' efforts were rewarded when Governor William D. Stephens signed Assembly Bill 626 into law, which merged the Los Angeles Normal School with the University of California as the Southern Branch of the University of California. The same legislation added its general undergraduate program, the College of Letters and Science.[30] The Southern Branch campus opened on September 15 of that year, offering two-year undergraduate programs to 250 Letters and Science students and 1,250 students in the Teachers College, under Moore's continued direction.
University of California, Southern Branch's Vermont Campus, 1922.
Under University of California President William Wallace Campbell, enrollment at the Southern Branch expanded so rapidly that by the mid-1920s the institution was outgrowing the 25 acre Vermont Avenue location. The Regents conducted a search for a new location and announced their selection of the so-called "Beverly Site"—just west of Beverly Hills—on March 21, 1925 edging out the panoramic hills of the still-empty Palos Verdes Peninsula. After the athletic teams entered the Pacific Coast conference in 1926, the Southern Branch student council adopted the nickname "Bruins", a name offered by the student council at UC Berkeley.[31] In 1927, the Regents renamed the Southern Branch the "University of California at Los Angeles" (the word "at" was officially replaced by a comma in 1958, in line with other UC campuses). In the same year, the state broke ground in Westwood on land sold for $1 million, less than one-third its value, by real estate developers Edwin and Harold Janss, for whom the Janss Steps are named.[29]
The original four buildings were the College Library, Royce Hall, the Physics-Biology Building, and the Chemistry Building (now Powell Library, Royce Hall, the Humanities Building, and Haines Hall, respectively), arrayed around a quadrangular courtyard on the 400 acre (1.6 km²) campus. The first undergraduate classes on the new campus were held in 1929 with 5,500 students. In 1933, after further lobbying by alumni, faculty, administration and community leaders, UCLA was permitted to award the master's degree, and in 1936, the doctorate, against continued resistance from UC Berkeley.[32]
A timeline of the history can be found on its website,[33] as well as a published book.[34]

Maturity as a university

For the first 32 years of its existence, UCLA was treated as an off-site department of UC. As such, its presiding officer was called a "provost," and reported to the main campus in Berkeley In 1951, UCLA was formally elevated to co-equal status with UC Berkeley, and its presiding officer was granted the title of chancellor. Raymond B. Allen was the first chief executive with that title. Previously, the school's chief executive had been the provost. The appointment of Franklin David Murphy to the position of Chancellor in 1960 helped to spark an era of tremendous growth of facilities and faculty honors. By the end of the decade, UCLA had achieved distinction in a wide range of subjects. This era also secured UCLA's position as a proper university in its own right and not simply a branch of the UC system. This change is exemplified by an incident involving Chancellor Murphy, which was described by him later on:
"I picked up the telephone and called in from somewhere, and the phone operator said, 'University of California.' And I said, 'Is this Berkeley?' She said, 'No.' I said, 'Well, who have I gotten to?' 'UCLA.' I said, 'Why didn't you say UCLA?' 'Oh,' she said, 'we're instructed to say University of California.' So the next morning I went to the office and wrote a memo; I said, 'Will you please instruct the operators, as of noon today, when they answer the phone to say, "UCLA."' And they said, 'You know they won't like it at Berkeley.' And I said, 'Well, let's just see. There are a few things maybe we can do around here without getting their permission.'" [35]
The Bruin statue, designed by Billy Fitzgerald, in Bruin Plaza.[36]
In 2006, the university completed Campaign UCLA, which collected over $3.05 billion and is the second most successful fundraising campaign among public universities.[37][38] In 2008, UCLA raised over $456 million, ranking the institution among the top 10 universities in the United States in total fundraising for the year.[39]
On January 26, 2011, Meyer and Renee Luskin donated $100 million to UCLA.[40] On February 14, 2011, UCLA received a $200 million donation gift by The Lincy Foundation in order to establish The Dream Fund, which is "a community-based fund devoted to the support of medical research and academic programs at UCLA".[41]

Campus

When UCLA opened its new campus in 1929, it had four buildings: Royce Hall and Haines Hall on the north, and Powell Library and Kinsey Hall (now the Humanities Building) on the south. The Janss Steps were the original 87-step entrance to the university that lead directly to the quad of these four buildings. Today, the campus includes 163 buildings across 419 acres (1.7 km²) in the western part of Los Angeles, north of the Westwood shopping district and just south of Sunset Boulevard. In terms of acreage, it is the second smallest of the ten UC campuses.[7] The campus is close but not adjacent to the 405 San Diego Freeway.[42]
The campus is located in the residential area of Westwood and bordered by Bel-Air to the north, Beverly Hills to the east, and Brentwood to the west. The campus is informally divided into North Campus and South Campus, which are both on the eastern half of the university's land. North Campus is the original campus core; its buildings are more old-fashioned in appearance and clad in imported Italian brick. North Campus is home to the arts, humanities, social sciences, law, and business programs and is centered around ficus and sycamore-lined Dickson Court, also known as the "Sunken Garden". South Campus is home to the physical sciences, life sciences, engineering, mathematical sciences, health-related fields, and the UCLA Medical Center. The campus includes sculpture gardens, fountains, museums, and a mix of architectural styles.
Janss Steps, in front of Royce Hall
Ackerman Union, the John Wooden Center, the Arthur Ashe Health and Wellness Center, the Student Activities Center, Kerckhoff Hall, the J.D. Morgan Center, the James West Alumni Center, and Pauley Pavilion stand at the center of the campus, bordering Wilson Plaza. The campus is bisected by Bruin Walk, a heavily traveled pathway from the residential hill to the main campus. At the intersection of Bruin Walk and Westwood Boulevard is Bruin Plaza, featuring an outdoor performing arts stage and a bronze statue of the Bruin bear.

Architecture

The first campus buildings were designed by the local firm Allison & Allison. The Romanesque Revival style of these first four structures remained the predominant building style on campus until the 1950s, when architect Welton Becket was hired to supervise the expansion of the campus over the next two decades. Becket greatly streamlined the general appearance of the campus, adding several rows of minimalist, slab–shaped brick buildings to the southern half of the campus, the largest of these being the UCLA Medical Center.[43] Architects such as A. Quincy Jones, William Pereira and Paul Williams designed many subsequent structures on the campus during the mid-20th century. More recent additions include buildings designed by architects I.M. Pei, Venturi, Scott Brown and Associates, Richard Meier, Cesar Pelli, and Rafael Vinoly. In order to accommodate UCLA's rapidly growing student population, multiple construction and renovation projects are in progress, including expansions of the life sciences and engineering research complexes. This continuous construction gives UCLA the on-campus nickname of "Under Construction Like Always".[44]
Royce Hall, one of the original four buildings, inspired by Basilica of Sant'Ambrogio
The tallest building on campus is named after African-American alumnus Ralph Bunche, who received the 1950 Nobel Peace Prize for negotiating an armistice agreement between the Jews and Arabs in Israel. A bust of him, on the entrance to Bunche Hall, overlooks the Franklin D. Murphy Sculpture Garden. He was the first individual of non-European background and the first UCLA alumnus to be honored with the Prize.
The Hannah Carter Japanese Garden is located a mile from campus, in the community of Bel Air. The garden was designed by landscape architect Nagao Sakurai of Tokyo and garden designer Kazuo Nakamura of Kyoto in 1959. After the garden was damaged by heavy rains in 1969, UCLA Professor of Art and Campus Architect Koichi Kawana took on the task of its reconstruction.

Filming

With a location near Hollywood, UCLA has attracted filming for decades. Much of the 1985 film Gotcha! was shot at UCLA, as well as John Singleton's Higher Learning (1995). Legally Blonde (2001), Old School (2003), The Nutty Professor (1995), Erin Brockovich (2000), How High (2001), National Lampoon's Van Wilder (2002), American Pie 2 (2001), and Bring It On Again (2004) were all mainly shot at the university campus or locale. In January 2009, the Bollywood movie My Name is Khan was shot at UCLA. Some of the exterior shots of the fictional UC Sunnydale in Buffy the Vampire Slayer, and ABC Family original series Greek were also filmed at UCLA. In response to the major demand for filming, UCLA instated a policy on filming and professional photography at the campus.[45] "UCLA is located in Los Angeles, the same place as the American motion picture industry", said UCLA visiting professor of film and television Jonathan Kuntz.[46] "So we're convenient for (almost) all of the movie companies, TV production companies, commercial companies and so on. We're right where the action is."
California NanoSystems Institute interior walkways built over a parking structure.

Transportation and parking

The campus maintains 24,000 parking spaces and operates an award-winning sustainable transportation program.[47][48][49] Elements of the sustainable transportation program include vanpools, a campus shuttle system called BruinBus, discounted carpool permits, and subsidized transit passes. One of the pass programs includes BruinGo!,[50] which allows students and staff members to purchase discounted one-way or quarterly passes to ride Santa Monica's Big Blue Bus and the Culver CityBus.[51]

2014 flooding

On July 29, 2014, a nearly century-old water main burst on the section of Sunset Boulevard immediately above campus, sending approximately twenty million gallons of water flooding below. The nearly four hour rush of water caused damage to buildings and athletic facilities, including Pauley Pavilion and the Wooden Center. In addition, several parking structures were partially inundated, trapping nearly 740 cars.[52][53]

Academics

Divisions

Undergraduate

  • College of Letters and Science
  • School of the Arts and Architecture
  • Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science
  • School of Theater, Film and Television
  • School of Nursing

Graduate

  • Graduate School of Education & Information Studies
  • School of Law
  • Anderson School of Management
  • Luskin School of Public Affairs
  • David Geffen School of Medicine
  • School of Dentistry
  • Fielding School of Public Health
  • Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior

Healthcare

UCLA Medical Plaza, near the main entrance to the campus
The David Geffen School of Medicine, along with the School of Nursing, School of Dentistry, and Jonathan and Karin Fielding School of Public Health, constitute the professional schools of health science.
The Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center is a part of the larger UCLA Health System, which also operates a hospital in Santa Monica and twelve primary care clinics throughout Los Angeles County. In addition, the UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine uses two Los Angeles County public hospitals as teaching hospitals—Harbor-UCLA Medical Center and Olive View-UCLA Medical Center—as well as the largest private nonprofit hospital on the west coast, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center. The Greater Los Angeles VA Medical Center is also a major teaching and training site for the university. In 1981, the UCLA Medical Center made history when Assistant Professor Michael Gottlieb first diagnosed an unknown affliction later to be called AIDS. UCLA medical researchers also pioneered the use of positron emission tomography (PET) scanning to study brain function. Professor of Pharmacology Louis Ignarro was a discoverer of the signaling cascade of nitric oxide, one of the most important molecules in cardiopulmonary physiology, earning the 1998 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine along with Robert F. Furchgott of the SUNY Health Science Center and Ferid Murad of the University of Texas Medical School at Houston.
In the 2013 edition of the U.S. News and World Report Best Hospitals ranking, UCLA Medical Center was ranked "Best in the West", as well as one of the top five hospitals in the United States. UCLA Medical Center ranked in the top 20 in 13 of the 15 medical specialty areas examined.[54]

Rankings

University rankings
National
ARWU[55] 10
Forbes[56] 44
U.S. News & World Report[57] 23
Washington Monthly[58] 10
Global
ARWU[59] 12
QS[60] 40
Times[61] 12
USNWR graduate school rankings
Business[62] 16
Education[63] 11
Engineering[64] 16
Law[65] 16
Medicine (Primary Care)[66] 13
Medicine (Research)[67] 12
Nursing[68] 21
Public Affairs[69] 23

Global rankings

In 2013–2014, UCLA ranked 12th in academics and 8th for reputation in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings.[70][71] In 2013, UCLA was ranked 40th in the QS World University Rankings,[72] 12th in the world (10th in North America) by the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU)[73] and 23rd in the world (13th in North America) in Financial Times' Global MBA Rankings.[74] Human Resources & Labor Review, a national human competitiveness index & analysis, ranked the university 14th in the world in 2012.[75] In 2013, Business Insider ranked UCLA as having the most driven students in the world.[76] In 2014, the Center for World University Rankings (CWUR) ranked the university 15th in the world based on quality of education, alumni employment, quality of faculty, publications, influence, citations, broad impact, and patents.[77]

National rankings

The 2014 annual ranking by U.S. News & World Report ranked UCLA second among public universities (tied with University of Virginia) and 23rd among national universities.[78] The Washington Monthly ranked UCLA 10th nationally among national universities in 2013, with criteria based on research, community service, and social mobility.[79] In 2013 Kiplinger ranked UCLA 6th out of the top 100 best-value public colleges and universities in the nation, and 1st in California.[80] UCLA was ranked in the top category among national research universities by the Center for Measuring University Performance in 2011.[81] The Princeton Review listed UCLA as the only public "Dream School" selected by both students and parents in 2010.[82] UCLA took the 8th spot among all universities for research spending in the sciences and engineering during the fiscal year 2011 (with $982 million spent) according to a 2012 report by the National Science Foundation.[83] The university has been labeled one of the Public Ivies, a publicly funded university considered as providing a quality of education comparable to those of the Ivy League.

Graduate and professional schools

The Graduate School of Education and Information Studies (GSEIS), was ranked 11th among American graduate schools of education in the 2015 edition of U.S. News & World Report's "America's Best Graduate Schools".[84] Other 2015 U.S. News & World Report school rankings include the Anderson School of Management at #16,[85] the David Geffen School of Medicine at #13 for Primary Care[86] and #12 for Research,[87] the School of Law at #16,[88] and the Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science (HSSEAS) at #16.[89] In 2015 U.S. News & World Report ranked the School of Nursing #21.[90] In 2014, the Anderson School of Management is ranked #7 among North American business schools according to the QS Top MBA Global 200 Business Schools Report.[91]

Departmental rankings

Departmental rankings in the top ten according to U.S. News & World Report include Clinical Psychology (#1),[92] Psychology (#2),[93] Fine Arts (#4),[94] Mathematics (#7),[95] History (#9),[96] Sociology (#9),[97] English (#10),[98] Political Science (#10),[99] and Public Health (#10).[100] Among engineering departments, the Computer Science department is ranked #13.[101]
Departmental rankings in the global top ten according to the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) include Mathematics (#10)[102] and Computer Science (#9).[103] Academic field rankings in the global top ten according to the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) include Natural Sciences and Mathematics (#10)[104] and Clinical Medicine and Pharmacy (#7).[105]

Library system

Powell Library, across the quad from Royce Hall
UCLA's library system has over nine million books and 70,000 serials spread over twelve libraries and eleven other archives, reading rooms, and research centers. It is the nation's 12th largest library in number of volumes.[106]
The first library, University Library (presently Powell Library), was founded in 1884. In 1910, Elizabeth Fargo became the university's first librarian. Lawrence Powell became librarian in 1944, and began a series of system overhauls and modifications, and in 1959, he was named Dean of the School of Library Service.[107] More libraries were added as previous ones filled. Page Ackerman became University Librarian in 1973, and was the nation's first female librarian of a system as large as UCLA's. She oversaw the first coordinations between other UC schools, and formed a new administrative network that is still in use today.[108] Since her retirement, the system has seen steady growth and improvement under various Librarians. The present University Librarian is Virginia Steel, who took office on July 15, 2013.[109]

Medical school admissions

According to the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC), UCLA supplies the most undergraduate applicants to U.S. medical schools among all American universities. In 2012, UCLA supplied 823 medical school applicants, followed by the University of Michigan with 812 medical school applicants, then UC Berkeley with 768 medical school applicants.[110]
Among first-time medical school applicants who received their Bachelor's degree from UCLA in 2012, 59% were admitted to at least one U.S. medical school.[111]